NAMASKAR ! A warm welcome to ‘World News: an Indian perspective’, on All India Radio. This is vaibhav jyotsana srivastava and with me is r.s.raghu bringing glimpses of the major developments of the day from across the globe. Over the next half an hour, we shall bring you the latest from the world of politics, economy, sports, entertainment, and more.
⦁ Prime Minister Narendra Modi speaks to British counterpart Boris Johnson; Reviews progress on India-UK Agenda 2030.
⦁ United States asserts that the Taliban will be judged on its actions, not only its words after first face to face talks with Taliban since troop withdrawal in Doha.
⦁ New Delhi says China’s unilateral attempts to alter status quo and violation of the bilateral agreements responsible for situation in Eastern Ladakh.
⦁ Iraq’s parliamentary elections witnesses low voter turnout.
⦁ India and Kyrgyz Republic have a shared approach to developments in Afghanistan, says External Affairs Minister Dr. S Jaishankar.
⦁ Three US based economists wins the Nobel Prize for Economics for work on natural experiments.
⦁ France beats Spain to win the second edition of the UEFA Nations League championship.
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke to his British counterpart Boris Johnson on Monday and reviewed progress on the India-UK Agenda 2030.
The two leaders discussed the strength of the UK-India relationship and welcomed the progress made on the 2030 Roadmap since it was agreed by the two Prime Ministers in May. The leaders looked forward to the upcoming visit of the UK Carrier Strike Group to India and the deepening of the UK-India strategic partnership. They exchanged views on climate action in the context of the forthcoming COP-26 in Glasgow.
Mr Johson noted that India already led the world in renewable technology and expressed hope towards achieving Net Zero emissions. Prime Minister Modi and his British counterpart discussed the shared fight against coronavirus and the importance of cautiously opening up international travel. In this light both leaders welcomed the UK’s recognition of Indian vaccine certification. Starting Monday, the 11th of October, no quarantine is required for Indian travellers visiting the UK who are fully vaccinated with Covishield or any other UK-approved vaccine.
The leaders also talked about the current situation in Afghanistan. They agreed on the need for a coordinated international approach to engagement with the Taliban, emphasising the importance of upholding human rights in the country.
PM G20 AFGHANISTAN
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will participate in the G20 Extraordinary Leaders’ Summit on Afghanistan in virtual format on Tuesday at the invitation of the Italian Presidency of the G-20. The External Affairs Ministry said the agenda of the meeting will include a discussion on response to humanitarian needs and access to basic services and livelihood. Security and the fight against terrorism, mobility, migration and human rights will also be discussed.
The G20 comprises twenty of the world’s major economies and is an important platform to help build international consensus and facilitate a coordinated approach between multilateral organizations, including the UN and its agencies, and global and regional actors to address the worsening humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.
The USA asserted that the Taliban will be judged on its actions, not only its words. An interagency delegation of the US had traveled to Doha, Qatar to meet with senior Taliban representatives on Sunday. The U.S. delegation focused on security and terrorism concerns and safe passage for U.S. citizens, other foreign nationals and its Afghan partners, as well as on human rights, including the meaningful participation of women and girls in all aspects of Afghan society. The two sides also discussed the United States’ provision of robust humanitarian assistance, directly to the Afghan people. According to reports, Afghanistan’s Taliban-appointed Foreign Minister Amir Khan Muttaqi said the two sides had agreed to uphold the terms of the Doha agreement signed in 2020. This was the first time since the withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan in August that the US officials met Afghanistan’s ruling Taliban for face-to-face talks.
INDIA-AFGHANISTAN TERROR ATTACK
Meanwhile, India has strongly condemned the terrorist attack on a Shia Mosque in Kunduz, Afghanistan in which more than 100 Afghans were reported to have lost lives and several others injured. The Ministry of External Affairs extended condolences and sympathies to the families of the victims during their difficult time. It said, India stands committed in the fight against the scourge of terrorism and reiterates the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan. The Ministry said, India stands with the people of Afghanistan and hoped that perpetrators of this attack would be identified and brought to justice expeditiously. Meanwhile, the United States and Britain warned their citizens to avoid hotels in Afghanistan days after the deadly attack at Kunduz. According to reports, the US State department, citing security threats, called for US citizens at or near the Serena Hotel to leave immediately.
As part of its maiden operational deployment, the UK Carrier Strike Group CSG21 will sail over 26,000 nautical miles, engaging with 40 countries from the Mediterranean to the Indo-Pacific and back. In a statement, the UK government said that from defending democratic values and tackling shared threats, to seizing new trade opportunities through engagements with Singapore, the Republic of Korea, Japan, India and others, the deployment marks a step-change in UK engagement in the region. The UK had earlier this year made the Indo-Pacific a focus in its integrated review which lays out the broad contours of the nation’s foreign policy. The statement added that the UK is already investing significantly in the region. It said that Singapore is one of over 40 countries which the Carrier Strike Group will visit or exercise with during its global deployment.
Preliminary results of Iraq’s parliamentary elections showed low voter turnout at around 41 percent. Iraq went into parliamentary polls on Sunday. The election was held earlier than scheduled in response to protests across the West Asian nation over corruption and general dissatisfaction. The Independent High Electoral Commission on Monday said that preliminary results show turnout from Sunday’s election was 41 percent. According to reports this is down from 44 percent in the 2018 elections, which was an all-time low. Tens of thousands of people had taken to the streets to protest endemic corruption, poor services and rising unemployment. Earlier, ahead of the elections, a group of countries including the USA, Australia, Canada, Germany, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom amongst others welcomed the Iraqi Independent High Electoral Commission’s (IHEC) preparations.
13 COMMANDER TALKS
The 13th round of India-China Corps Commander Level Meeting was held at Chushul-Moldo border meeting point on Sunday. During the meeting the discussions between the two sides focussed on resolution of the remaining issues along the LAC in Eastern Ladakh. In a statement, the External Affairs Ministry said that the Indian side pointed out that the situation along the LAC had been caused by unilateral attempts of the Chinese side to alter the status quo and in violation of the bilateral agreements. It added that during the meeting, the Indian side therefore made constructive suggestions for resolving the remaining areas but the Chinese side was not agreeable and also could not provide any forward-looking proposals. The meeting thus did not result in resolution of the remaining areas. It was therefore necessary that the Chinese side take appropriate steps in the remaining areas so as to restore peace and tranquillity along the LAC in the Western Sector. New Delhi expressed hope that China will work towards early resolution of the remaining issues while fully abiding by bilateral agreements and protocols.
India’s External Affairs Minister, Dr. S. Jaishankar has said that he had cordial and constructive talks with Foreign Minister Ruslan Kazakbaev of Kyrgyz Republic. In a tweet, Dr. Jaishankar said, they agreed on a 200 million US Dollar Line of Credit to support development projects. He also said that they concluded an understanding on executing high impact community projects. Both the leaders discussed the need for early travel of Indian students and a more liberal visa regime. He said that they reviewed defence and security cooperation positively. India and Kyrgyz Republic have a shared approach to developments in Afghanistan.
The External Affairs Minister reached Kyrgyzstan as part of his four-day visit to Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan and Armenia on Sunday. In a tweet, Dr Jaishankar said he is delighted to arrive in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan at the invitation of Foreign Affairs Minister of Kyrgyzstan Ruslan Kazakbaev. Dr Jaishankar will also be calling on the President of Kyrgyz Republic. Some agreements or MoUs are also expected to be signed during the visit. He will attend the 6th Ministerial Meeting of the Conference of Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia, (CICA) in Nur-Sultan.
Meanwhile, India marches ahead towards the 100 crore mark of administering vaccination. India has administered over 95 crore 82 lakh doses of COVID vaccine so far under the Nationwide Vaccination Drive. The Union Health Ministry said, more than 46 lakh 57 thousand vaccine doses were administered in the last 24 hours. The Ministry said, 21 thousand 563 COVID patients recovered during the last 24 hours and the national recovery rate has reached 98 per cent. Till now, more than three crore 32 lakh people have recovered from COVID-19.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday said India will have to ensure that in the 21st century, space plays an important role in uniting the world. Speaking at the launch of Indian Space Association, Mr Modi said India is one of the very few countries that have end-to-end capability in space. In today’s HOTSPOT section, we bring you a discussion on India’s strides in space. In conversation are Pallava Bagla, a Journalist and Science Communicator and Sanjay Jha, also a Journalist.
Special Presidential Envoy for Climate for the United State, John Kerry and European Commission Executive Vice President Frans Timmermans hosted a virtual ministerial to mobilize further support for the Global Methane Pledge. Enlisting additional countries to join the Global Methane Pledge on Monday, the Ministerial said that European Union and eight countries have already indicated their support for the Global Methane Pledge. A report:
PURI – HABITAT DAY
India’s Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri has called for promoting new and innovative low-carbon technologies that ensure housing for all, service delivery and better mobility for all. He was addressing an event to mark the UN World Habitat Day 2021 today in New Delhi, with the theme of Accelerating Urban Action for a Carbon-free World. Speaking on the economic and environmental imperatives for Indian cities, Mr Puri said, India’s per capita emission of greenhouse gases is quite low as compared to other developed countries.
REV.NOBEL PRIZE -ECONOMICS
Three US-based economists have won the 2021 Nobel prize in the field of economics for pioneering the use of “natural experiments” to understand the causal effects of economic policy and other events. They were U.S.based Canadian David Card, Israeli-American Joshua Angrist and Dutch-American Guido Imbens.
The Nobel committee said in a statement that the researchers were honoured for providing “new insights about the labour market” and showing “what conclusions about cause and effect can be drawn from natural experiments”.
Minister of State for External Affairs Meenakshi Lekhi today addressed the High Level Meeting to mark the 60th Anniversary of Non-Aligned Movement NAM in Belgrade, Serbia. In her address, Ms Lekhi, as the special envoy of the Prime Minister, underscored the need to strengthen the role and influence of NAM on global outcomes.
She also stressed the need to check divisive tendencies so that the voice of the global South remains unified. The Minister of State focused on contemporary issues of tackling COVID-19 pandemic, terrorism and climate change. Ms. Lekhi noted that the founding leaders had envisaged the Non Aligned Movement as a way to carve out autonomous space on the geo-political landscape for the developing countries.
Twenty-year-old Aditi Maheshwari from Rajasthan spent a full day leading the British High Commission in New Delhi after winning a competition. Aditi, who aspires to join the Indian Administrative Service, is the fifth winner of the India edition of the ‘High Commissioner for a Day’ competition. In a statement, the UK government said that as the UK’s top diplomat in India, Aditi experienced a broad variety of diplomatic activity. Mr.Alex Ellis, who became Deputy High Commissioner for the Day said that the UK is working with India to provide a platform for young women like Aditi to help them reach their potential.
And now a report from the Business World.
At the stock markets, rising for the third straight day, the Sensex at the Bombay Stock Exchange gained 77 points, or 0.1 percent, to end at an all time high of 60,136, today. The Nifty at the National Stock Exchange rose 51 points, or 0.3 percent, to a record high of 17,946.
At the domestic forex market, the rupee slipped 37 paise, to end at a 15 month low of 75 rupees and 36 paise, against the dollar.
Amongst global markets, Asian markets ended mostly higher today. So Japan’s Nikkei-225 index climbed 1.6 percent; Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index jumped nearly 2 percent and Singapore’s Straits Times index ended marginally higher. But China’s Shanghai Composite index ended marginally lower. Stock market in South Korea was closed for a holiday.
In Europe, London’s FTSE-100 had gained 0.2 percent; but France’s CAC-40 had fallen 0.4 percent and Germany’s DAX had dropped 0.5 percent, in intra-day trade.
Global crude oil prices rose more than 2 dollars, to multi-year highs today, extending gains as an energy crisis gripping major economies shows no sign of easing amid a pick up in economic activity and restrained supplies from major producers. So, Brent crude shot up 2 dollars and 17 cents, at 84.56 dollars a barrel, its highest since October 2018. US crude futures jumped 2 dollars and 67 cents, to 82.02 dollars a barrel, to its highest since late 2014.
Back home, Gold fell 59 rupees, to 46,038 rupees per ten grams at Delhi’s bullion market. Lalima Aneja Dang for World News, All India Radio.
Moving onto sports,
France defeated Spain to win the second edition of the UEFA Nations League championship. Second half Goals from Karim Benzema and Kylian Mbappe saw the French side through to a 2-1 victory in an end-to-end encounter in Italy late Sunday night.
And, In IPL Cricket, chasing a vistory target of 139, Kolkata Knight Riders were 126 for 6 in 17.4 overs against Royal Challengers Bangalore in the Eliminator match at Sharjah when reports last came in.
Now let us take a look at the major developments around the world, as reported in the foreign press:
⦁ The Guardian reports, US to give humanitarian aid to Afghanistan according to the Taliban.
⦁ Financial times writes, China’s coal futures hit record high as floods worsen energy crisis.
⦁ The Sydney Morning Herald says, calls rise in Italy to ban pro-fascism groups after vaccine rampage.
⦁ Sputnik News reports, Powerful 7.0-Magnitude Earthquake Hits Alaska.
⦁ Washington Post says, Czech president admitted to intensive care unit one day after general election.
⦁ South China Morning Post reports, British warship makes Singapore stop amid UK’s bid to reaffirm Asia presence.
India is celebrating the 152nd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Before we end, let us listen to his favorite Bhajan VAISHNAV JAN, by artistes from CUBA.
AND WITH THAT, WE END THIS BULLETIN. WE’LL BE BACK AT THE SAME TIME TOMORROW WITH THE NEXT EDITION OF WORLD NEWS.