Thursday, September 23, 2021

SVAMITVA Scheme: A stepping-stone towards the upliftment of the rural economy

Union Minister for Panchayati Raj and Rural Development Giriraj Singh inaugurated a national meet on SVAMITVA Scheme at SCOPE Convention Centre, SCOPE Complex, New Delhi on 14 September. He also launched the dashboard (https://svamitva.nic.in/) for monitoring the implementation of the scheme.

SVAMITVA Scheme is seen as a stepping-stone towards the upliftment of the rural economy. As the majority of the Indian population dwells in rural parts of the country and providing them with such a scheme will provide them a viable solution to their property issues.

Union Minister Giriraj Singh said during the launch event, “SVAMITVA will provide a sense of ownership to the rural people and they can avail the loan with the help of an SVAMITVA card and the scheme will play a vital role in making Aatma Nirbhar rural India.”

SVAMITVA Scheme: A stepping-stone towards the upliftment of the rural economy

SVAMITVA scheme is a Central sector scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. It was launched by PM Modi on 24th April 2021 (National Panchayati Raj Day). The scheme was successfully tested across 9 states during 2020-2021 in a pilot project before the official launch.

The SVAMITVA Scheme aims to provide clear ownership of property in rural regions. The scheme uses drone technology for mapping of land parcels and providing ‘Record of Rights’ to village household owners with the issuance of legal ownership cards (Property cards/Title deeds) to the property owners.

The scheme covers multiple rural dimensions like facilitating monetization of properties & enabling bank loans; reducing property-related disputes. The comprehensive village level planning under the scheme would help in achieving Gram Swaraj in a true sense.

Objectives of the SVAMITVA Scheme

The Scheme aims to cover different aspects of rural regions and curate data that can serve a larger population in several ways. The scheme also aims to impact the four major broad areas – Inclusive Society, Land Governance, Sustainable Habitats, and Economic Growth. The following are some main objectives of the SVAMITVA Scheme:

– The most important work of the scheme is to create an accurate land record for rural planning and reduce property-related disputes.
– To aim for financial stability for the rural people by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
– Determination of property tax.
– The Scheme will Create a survey infrastructure and GIS (Geographic information system) maps that can be used by any department.
– Further, using the GIS maps the scheme will strengthen the preparation of a better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan.

CORS: A major element in driving the Scheme

The establishment of Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) network is one main pillar of the Scheme. It will provide a virtual base station that would enable long-range high-accuracy Network RTK corrections. The CORS will support establishing ground control points, ground-truthing, and demarcation of lands.

The CORS network will help in benchmarking the location of rural regions and will provide 5-centimeter level accuracy in Geo-mapping. The geo-positioning infrastructure under the Scheme can be used to replace the chain surveys practiced in several States.

The CORS once established could be used by any State agency / Department like Revenue Department, Gram Panchayat (GP), Public Works Department, Rural Development Department, Agriculture, Drainage & Canal, Education, Electricity, Water, Health, etc. for the survey and implementing/using GIS-based applications.
SVAMITVA Scheme in Numbers

– Drone surveys – completed in 58,578 villages.
– Feature Extraction – completed in 51,664 villages.
– Ground Truth – completed in 27,883 villages.
– Enquiry Process – completed in 24,780 villages.
– Cards prepared in 15,754 villages.
– Card distribution – completed in 7,424 villages.
– CORS Momumentation – 406
– Integrated with CC – 404

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