As per World Health Organization suicide is a worldwide concern and a major public health issue in every country. In the wake of this issue, World Suicide Prevention Day is observed every year on 10th September. Its goal is to promote the global commitment to suicide prevention.
The first observance of the day was established in 2003 by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) which was founded in Vienna in 1960 by Professor Erwin Ringel and Dr Norman Faberlow and co-sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO). IASP is now comprised of experts and volunteers from 77 different nations. It is a Non-Governmental Organization dedicated to suicide prevention.
In India, majority of suicides were reported in Maharashtra (18,916), followed by 13,493 in Tamil Nadu, 12,665 in West Bengal, 12,457 in Madhya Pradesh and 11,288 in Karnataka, accounting for 13.6 per cent, 9.7 per cent, 9.1 per cent, 9 per cent and 8.1 per cent of total such deaths, respectively.