Monday, January 17, 2022

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana for Sustainable & Responsible Blue Revolution

Fisheries and aquaculture are important sources of food, nutrition, employment and income in India. The sector provides livelihood to more than 20 million fishers and fish farmers at the primary level and twice the number along the value chain.

One year ago, on 10th September, the Government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY), a scheme intended to bring about the Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries sector in the country.

The scheme was launched with the highest ever investment of more than Rs. 20,000 crores in fisheries sector comprising of Central share of Rs. 9,407 crore, State share of Rs 4,880 crore and Beneficiaries contribution of Rs. 5,763 crore.

The scheme has been implemented for over a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories.

The Target of this scheme is to increase fish production to 22 million metric tons by 2024-25 from 13.75 million metric tons in 2018-19.

Aims and objectives of PMMSY

The scheme intends to address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest setups and management, modernization and strengthening of the value chain across Fisheries.

It aims to enhance traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.

PMMSY plans to support the up-gradation of fishing vessels/boats and bring new ones, it means to create integrated aqua parks, e-trading/marketing, etc.

Major achievements under PMMSY

It intends to enhance aquaculture productivity to 5 tons per hectare from the current national average of 3 tons. And also Augment domestic fish consumption from 5 kg to 12 kg per capita.

Till date, the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has helped almost 134,733
Fishers’ families to get a livelihood and nutritional support during fishing ban/lean period.

More than 2 thousand Bio-toilets in mechanized fishing vessels have been built, and almost 7,238 Fish transportation facilities in addition to 720 Fish Farmers Producers Organizations (FFPOs) have been constituted.

Most importantly, this initiative has created employment growth and provided beneficiary help to almost 8 Lakh people covering 34 States and Union Territories.

In the future, this scheme intends to generate 55 lakh direct and indirect employment opportunities along the value chain.

Under it’s objective to consolidate the achievements of the blue revolution and bring new interventions such as fishing vessel insurance – the governemnt has upgraded 267 existing fishing vessels. Around 2,755 Bio-toilets have been built in mechanized fishing vessels since the launch of PMMSY.

The scheme has addressed issues like low productivity in inland Aquaculture, disease, sustainability of marine fisheries, sanitary and phytosanitary matters that impact the competitiveness of India’s exports along with global benchmarking.

Since the initiation of PMMSY, Private sector participation, development of entrepreneurship, business models, promotion of ease of doing business, innovations and innovative project activities including start-ups, incubators etc. in the fisheries sector have been boosted.

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