Wednesday, May 18, 2022


NITI Aayog chalks roadmap for decarbonizing Indian transport

NITI Aayog and the World Resources Institute (WRI), India, jointly launched the ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India as part of the NDC-Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA) on Monday (23 August).

Why the govt’s move is the need of the hour? (Rationale behind)

The Indian transport sector is vast and vibrant and is thus stands third in national CO2 emissions.

Further, data from (IEA, 2020; Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change, 2018) suggests that within the transport sector, road transport contributes to more than 90% of the total CO2 emissions.


– A need is felt to create a favorable ecosystem for different stakeholders to leverage and streamline EVs across the country. Thus, the initiative fulfils the objective of providing a common platform to multiple stakeholders.

– The platform will help in initiating dialogues for the development of uniform policies and will help to achieve specific results in reducing emissions from the transport sector.

-The project aims at bringing down the peak level of GHG emissions (transport sector) in Asia (in line with a well below 2-degree pathway) that results in problems like congestion and air pollution.

– The tedious efforts of the central government to decarbonize the transport sector aims to make the Indian transport sector clean & energy-efficient.

– It further aims to accelerate electric mobility in India.

About the initiative:

Reducing carbon emissions from the transport sector is a pertinent problem requiring actions on multiple fronts.
Thus, the forum launched for the decarbonization of transport will act as the conduit for bringing diverse voices and needs to adopt an integrated approach for greening the transport sector in India.

NDC-Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA):

The NDC Transport Initiative for Asia (TIA 2020-2023) is a joint programme of seven organizations that will engage China, India, and Vietnam in promoting a comprehensive approach to decarbonizing transport in their respective countries.

The project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) support the initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag. NITI Aayog is the implementing partner for the India component of the project.

International Climate Initiative (IKI):

The International Climate Initiative (IKI) is an imperative and powerful instrument of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) for the international financing of climate change mitigation and biodiversity.

It operates within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), financing climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation in developing, emerging and transitioning countries. Since 2008 to 2019, IKI approved more than 730 climate and biodiversity projects with a total funding volume of EUR 3.9 billion in more than 60 countries.

Details of the event:

The launch of the ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ was held virtually and inaugurated by NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant. Dignitaries from various ministries and NDC-TIA project partners, along with stakeholders from the mobility and the energy sector, were present at the launch.

In his keynote address, CEO, NITI Aayog said, “The Stakeholder Forum on Transport Decarbonization is a defining milestone for the electric mobility ecosystem in the country. It will bring together CEOs, researchers, academics, multilateral agencies, financial institutions as well as the Central and state government on a common platform. This will help in the development of innovative business models resulting in targeted results and the holistic growth of the electric mobility space in India. Through effective collaboration, cooperation and convergence, we must work together to usher clean mobility in India.”

Dr. OP Agarwal, CEO, WRI India, said, “India has a great opportunity to decarbonize its urban transport sector. Promotion of walking, cycling and public transport coupled with electrification of motor vehicles should be the right strategy for the country.”

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