Wednesday, January 26, 2022

Electronic Monitoring | Drive Safely and Follow the Rules

Strengthening the public transport system has been one of the core visions of the government. To enhance citizens safety, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued a notification that amends the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 for “Electronic Monitoring and Enforcement of Road Safety”.

The rules that have been laid down provide detailed provisions for the placement of electronic enforcement devices.

In the first place, let’s understand electronic enforcement devices.

As per the notification, the electronic enforcement device is to be used for the issuance of a challan and it shall have an approval certificate signed by a designated authority. The device should be accurate and should operate properly, also, the approval certificate shall be renewed on a yearly basis.

The “electronic enforcement device” means a speed camera, closed-circuit television camera, speed gun, body wearable camera, dashboard camera, Automatic Number Plate Recognition, weigh-in machine and any such technology.

Here, body wearable camera may be worn by police officers, transport officials or any other authorised official and the official is required to notify the same to the offender. Similarly, for enforcing the traffic rules, a dashboard camera may also be placed on the dashboard of any police vehicle or in any other authorized vehicle and such officer or official shall notify the offender that he/she is being recorded through the camera.

To avoid any obstruction, line-of-sight issues or interruption in traffic flow, State Governments are also required to ensure that appropriate electronic enforcement devices are placed at high-risk and high-density corridors on National Highways and State Highways. These devices should also be placed at critical junctions at least in major cities incorporating more than 1 million population.

Taking cues from the footage of electronic enforcement devices, challans could be issued for various offences. Let’s get to know about them.

Challans could be issued if a driver is not driving within the prescribed speed limit, stopping or parking a vehicle at an unauthorised location, not undertaking safety measures for drivers and pillion riders and not wearing protective headgear or helmet.

Other offences include jumping a red light, violating a stop sign, using handheld communications devices while driving, passing or overtaking other vehicles in a manner contrary to law, driving against the authorised flow of traffic and driving in any manner that falls far below what would be expected of a competent and careful driver.

Apart from these, driving vehicles exceeding permissible weight, driving without a safety belt, goods carriage carrying passengers and failure to provide free passage to emergency vehicles would also be taken into account for issuing challans.

Further, all challans issued in electronic form using auto-generation of challan through the electronic monitoring and enforcement system shall be accompanied with some important documents. These include clear photographic evidence highlighting the offence and the license plate of the vehicle, the measurement from the electronic enforcement device, date, time and place of the offence and the notice specifying the provision of the Act that has been violated.

It is important to know that the payment of e-challan can be made electronically on an online portal or by using cash or card at Traffic Police Stations. It could also be submitted at the designated places or the e-payment gateway of the e-challan system as specified by States.

To Improve the road safety scenario, the government is constantly evolving policies and ensuring efficient and safe transportation, thus enhancing connectivity, establishing quick mobility and accelerating socio-economic development.

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