The Indian freedom movement is no doubt a great historic act in world history. Great national leaders fought for the freedom of the motherland and they have motivated the masses and the class to join the movement and contribute in making India free from the British Raj. Thus, many brave hearts lost their valuable lives for the country.
Freedom of India came with a price. While some sacrificed their lives for the nation, there are others who chose to be in jail for lifetime, leaving behind a life of comfort and luxury. We all know about Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad .The Regional struggles that flared up across the country have been spearheaded by some unsung heroes who deserve equal respect from us as they sacrificed their lives for mother land.
The 1922 witnessed the famous Duggirala Gopalakrishnayya led Chirala-Perala Struggle, when the villagers refused to pay taxes imposed by the Madras Government. There was also the no tax campaign in Pedanandipadu and the Forest Satyagraha in Palnadu and Allulri Sitarama Raju’s Rampa Rebellion which lasted about two years and five months starting January, 1922. Alluri Seetharamaraju fought for the good of tribals.
Quit India Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi to fight out British Rule in India, spread to all the States and provinces across the country. In Andhra Pradesh, the freedom tremors penetrated into every nook and corner. In Andhra, the Provincial Congress Committee had issued a circular popularly known as the Kurnool circular as the police seized the copy, when they raided Kurnool Congress Office. The Kurnool Circular envisaged a big movement thereby paralyzing all means of communications and machinery and administrations. Prominent leaders who took part in the movement were Pattabhi Sitaramaiah, A. Kaleswara Rao, T. Prakasam, Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy and many more.
It was exactly on August, 12th, 1942, the Tenali Town Hall observed a complete Hartal as a protest against the arrest of the Congress leaders. The crowd tried all means of protest. It was exactly on the same day, a procession of 500 students in Chirala marched to the Court of Sub Magistrate and asked him to close the court.
It was again on August, 13th, 1942, a crowd of 2,000, mostly students, gathered in front of the Hindu college, Guntur and organized a protest. Police opened fire and several were wounded and two persons died. It was on 12th night, attempts were made to cut the telephone wires between Dowleswaram and Rajahmundry by the agitators. Several leaders were taken into custody and were awarded eighteen months rigorous imprisonment each. The agitations were also spread to Palakole, Lankalakoderu, Bhimavaram and Vendra, Nellore and Kavali in Andhra Pradesh. Several processions in the streets were organized in the streets of Nellore town. The Struggle thus continued till first half of September. The only mantra of the time was Do or Die, the call given by Mahatma Gandhi. Alluri Seetharama Raju was one of the greatest sons of India ever produced. He laid down his life to break the shackles of the mother- land. Though his battle with the British lasted only two years, he made an indelible mark in the history of the Indian Freedom Struggle. No doubt, till date the tribals in Visakhapatnam, East and West Godavari Districts and even plain areas of Andhra Pradesh consider Seetharamaraju as their real Hero.