In an attempt to prevent the third Covid-19 wave and take timely administrative action, the Department of Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) released the ‘Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP)’, which is a colour-coded action plan.
The action plan determines the level of restriction in market, industries, offices and public transport on the basis of Covid-19 test positivity rate, new cases and occupancy of oxygen beds in hospitals in the capital.
The Government of Delhi has taken measures from time to time to break the chain of transmission of virus. The Graded Response Action Plan is a step in the direction and contains Yellow, Amber, Orange, and Red signify different levels in the Covid situation.
Graded Response Action Plan
The different colours in the action plan define parameters to be disseminated to the public at large with reference to the timelines and quantum of restrictions. Level 1 is yellow, level 2 is amber, level 3 is orange and level 4 is red in the Graded Response Action Plan. Further, it consists of 3 parameters, namely positivity rate, cumulative new positive cases and average oxygenated bed occupancy for lockdown / unlock in Delhi.
Yellow signifies the lowest level of alert while red is the highest, which would bring the city under a complete lockdown. However, most economic, social activities and public transport facilities would come to a halt with the Orange alert.
When would the alerts go active?
As soon as any parameter out of the three reaches the specified level of alert, “the order of alert” shall be issued and permitted/ prohibited /restricted activities prescribed at such level would become operational automatically. All authorities concerned would also be required to take necessary actions for ensuring compliance of the order in the respective areas.
What does the Yellow colour mean?
Yellow i.e, level one of alert would come to effect when the positivity rate is more than 0.5% for 2 consecutive days, or when the cumulative new positive cases in a week touches 1,500 cases, or when the average oxygenated bed occupancy (for a duration of 7 days) is 500 beds in the city.
Under the level, all construction activities, industrial establishments/production and manufacturing unit are allowed and would remain open. While shops/ establishments dealing with essential goods and services are allowed to open, shops/ establishments dealing with non-essential goods and services would remain open but with certain restrictions. In markets and market complexes shops are allowed to remain open between 10 am to 8 pm on an odd-even basis on alternate days depending on their shop number.
Furthermore, all standalone or single shops, shops in neighbourhood and residential complex have been allowed to open between 10 am to 8 pm without restriction of odd-even. Malls to remain open on odd-even basis between 10 am to 8 pm.
On the other hand, cinema halls, banquet halls, auditoriums, spas, wellness clinic, gyms and entertainment parks, yoga centres would be closed. Private offices have been allowed to function upto 50% staff.
Level 2 – the Amber alert
In level two, i.e colour amber alert to come into effect when the positivity rate becomes more than 1% for 2 consecutive days, or when the cumulative new positive cases in a week touches 3,500 cases, or when the average oxygenated bed occupancy (for a duration of 7 days) is 700 beds in the city.
In addition to the restrictions listed under yellow alert, restaurants and bars to remain closed, however, restaurants are allowed only for home delivery/ take away. Bars shall remain closed. Unlike in yellow, barber shop, saloon, beauty parlours to be remain closed. Public parks, gardens, and golf course to remain completely closed. Further, the Delhi Metro would remain open but with 33% of seating capacity and no standing passengers. Weekend curfew on movement of person would also go active from 10 pm of Friday till 5 am of Monday.
What the Orange alert would mean?
Orange, the level three of alert would come to effect when the positivity rate is more than 2% for 2 consecutive days, or when the cumulative new positive cases in a week touches 9,000 cases, or when the average oxygenated bed occupancy (for a duration of 7 days) is 1,000 beds in the city.
In addition to restrictions under yellow and amber alert, in orange alert, Delhi metro would be completely closed for the passengers. In funeral related gatherings, only 15 persons would be allowed unlike 20 in yellow and amber alert. Similarly, marriage related gatherings are allowed upto 15 persons with the restriction that the marriage is organised in court or at homes only.
Only e-delivery of essential items would be allowed while weekly markets, malls shops with non-essential services (exception to standalone and shops in residential areas) to be closed completely. Further, construction activities where labourers are residing onsite to be allowed.
Red indicates high alert
Red, the level four of alert would come to effect when the positivity rate is more than 5% for 2 consecutive days, or when the cumulative new positive cases in a week touches 16,000 cases, or when the average oxygenated bed occupancy (for a duration of 7 days) is 3,000 beds in the city.
The city will go under a lockdown in the case of orange alert itself. The additional restrictions for red will mainly be on the movement of people and vehicles as a total curfew will be imposed. Furthermore, even single and shops in residential areas would be closed. Departments/ PSUs/ Autonomous bodies/local offices with bodies of Delhi Government would also be closed, however, all government offices providing essential and emergency services would be allowed with 100% staff.