Saturday, September 18, 2021

Rudreswara Temple added to world heritage list by UNESCO

India’s nomination of Rudreswara Temple (also known as the Ramappa Temple) in Palampet, Mulugu district, near Warangal in the state of Telangana, has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list, marking yet another significant achievement.

The decision was made at UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee’s 44th session. The government has submitted the Ramappa temple, a 13th century engineering marvel named after its architect- Ramappa, as the only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for the year 2019.

A brief description of the Temple

Recharla Rudra, a commander of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva, built the Rudreswara temple in 1213 AD during the rule of the Kakatiya Empire. Ramalingeswara Swamy is the presiding deity here. The temple is also known as the Ramappa temple, after the sculptor who worked on the execution of the temple for 40 years.

The Kakatiyas’ temple complexes feature a distinct design, technology, and decoration that shows the impact of the Kakatiyan sculptor. The Ramappa Temple is an example of this, and it is frequently used as a testament to the Kakatiyan creative prowess. The temple is built on a 6 foot high star-shaped platform with elaborate carvings on the walls, pillars, and ceilings that testifies to the temple’s distinctive expertise and skills of Kakatiyan sculptors .

European merchants and travellers were enthralled by the temple’s splendour, and one traveler remarked that the temple was the “brightest star in the galaxy of medieval temples of the Deccan”.

About 6 more Indian heritage sites in Tentative Lists of UNESCO World Heritage Sites:

India is a country with several heritage monuments strewn throughout its landscape and is noted for its rich cultural legacy. Recently also, six other Indian heritage sites have just been added to the Tentative Lists of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, demonstrating that India’s richness is being recognised on a global scale.

6 sites included were-

– The Satpura Tiger Reserve located in Madhya Pradesh,
– Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra
– The mesmerizing Ganga ghats in Varanasi
– Alluring site of Hire Benkal in Karnataka
– Bhedaghat-Lametaghat of Narmada Valley located in Madhya Pradesh
– Captivating temples of Kaanchipuram in Tamil Nadu

The submission was filed by the Archaeological Survey of India, included a total of nine sites, out of which, these 6 sites were chosen by UNESCO for inclusion in the tentative list.

Difference between a World Heritage site and Tentative List

A World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by UNESCO for its special cultural or physical significance. The list of World Heritage Sites is maintained by the international ‘World Heritage Programme’, administered and supervised by the UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee.

To get heritage sites considered for inscription on the World Heritage List, the country creates an inventory of important and notable natural and cultural heritage sites located within its boundaries. This ‘inventory’ is known as the tentative list.
Making it to the tentative list is thus the first step for any site hoping to be nominated for final designation as a World Heritage site.

India’s Rank on World stage

It is a matter of great pride for India that, out of 167 countries, India ranks fifth having 38 UNESCO World Heritage sites, trailing only after Italy and China with 55, Spain with 48, Germany with 46, and France with 45 sites.

The first set of Indian sites were inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage sites in the year 1983. The Agra Fort, Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves, and the Taj Mahal were among them.

Some other World Heritage sites are-

– Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Sun Temple & Sunderbans National Park in 1984
– Kaziranga National Park in 1985
– Fatehpur Sikri & Khajuraho monuments in 1986
– Qutab Minar and Humayun’s Tomb in 1993

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