Tigers (Scientific Name – Panthera Tigris) are icons of beauty, power, and the importance of conservation of nature. India has always valued the importance of nature and it is in the country’s tradition to conserve animals and to give them their natural habitat to thrive. On similar lines, NTCA (National Tiger Conservation Authority) has given the nod to Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary of Rajasthan for the Tiger Reserve. It will be the 4th Tiger reserve for the state after Ranthambore, Sariska, and Mukundra tiger reserves and 52nd for the nation.
The Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary will extend support to the increasing number of tigers in Ranthambore. The Tigers will be shifted in the new Tiger reserve to stabilize the increasing fight between the tigers for the resources in Ranthambore.
Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary: The new home for Tigers
Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary acts as a cushion for the Ranthambore National Park and is spread over an area of 252 square kilometers. The Sanctuary has diverse biodiversity and one can spot wild animals like Indian wolf, leopard, golden jackal, chinkara striped hyena, sloth bear, and nilgai in the lush green forests of Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary. And Now tigers also add to the list with NTCA nod.
NTCA (National Tiger Conservation Authority)
The NTCA was created to strengthen tiger conservation in the nation. It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006. The objectives of NTCA are:
– Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger.
– Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.
– Providing for oversight by Parliament.
– Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
‘Project Tiger’ is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme that provides the required support for the conservation of the tiger in the country. The project is preventing the endangered tigers from getting extinct.
The National Animal
Around 200 years ago, approximately 58,000 tigers roamed nonchalantly across India’s diverse forests. Centuries of rapid habitat destruction and hunting significantly depleted the tiger population to only 2,000 by the1970s.
A major cause of habitat destruction of animals is Human-wildlife conflict. It refers to the negative interaction between the wildlife animals and humans, which caused undesirable consequences for both people and their resources and wildlife and their habitats. So to bridge the gap between Humans and animals Biosphere reserves, National Parks, and Wildlife Sanctuaries are placed.
What are Biosphere Reserves?
Biosphere reserves are specific regions that are meant for the conservation of flora and fauna in its local ecosystem. The reserves also restore the traditional life of the tribal people living in that region. It also protects the biodiversity of that area. At present, there are 18 Biosphere reserves in India.
What are National Parks?
A National Park is a region that is set aside by a national government for the protection of the natural habitats of animals and plants. The boundaries are also set for a National Park. There are 104 National Parks in India which cover around 1.33% of the geographical area of the nation (National Wildlife Database, Dec. 2020).
What is Wildlife Sanctuary?
An area where animals and plants are protected under their natural habitat and are protected from any sort of disturbance is termed a Wildlife Sanctuary. Killing, poaching, and capturing animals are strictly prohibited in these areas. There are 553 wildlife sanctuaries in India covering an area of 119776.00 km2 (National Wildlife Database, December 2019).