Even before taking birth, human beings connect with sound in the womb of the mother. This relationship between human beings and sound continues till death. When a sound infused with rhythm expresses an emotion, a rasa, then it is called music.
The human mind has always been attracted to music. Music takes man from boredom to relaxation and can take consciousness upward. Whether it is the raga of Hindustani music or the different streams of western music, all human beings are instrumental in different expressions of life.
Seeing the love for music, a day was set aside for music lovers around the world. World Music Day is celebrated every year on June 21.
Beginning of World Music Day
World Music Day celebrations began in the year 1982 in France. The day is dedicated to all the musicians and music lovers around the world. World Music Day, also known as ‘Fatede la Musica’, means a music festival.
World Music Day is celebrated in a total of 17 countries, including India, Australia, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, UK, Switzerland, China, Lebanon, Costa Rica, Philippines, Morocco, Malaysia, Romania, Colombia, and Pakistan.
Origin of music in India
The origin of Indian music is considered to be even before the Vedic period. The traditional belief is that Brahma taught music to Narada Muni. Vagdevi i.e. Goddess Saraswati is also considered to be the master of music.
Indian music is classified into three categories, classical, sub-classical, and sugam sangeet. Carnatic music and Hindustani music are the two types of Indian classical music prevalent in our country. There are seven notes in Indian classical music, which are called ‘saptaks’. The saptak consists of ‘Shadja’, ‘Rishabh’, ‘Gandhara’, ‘Madhyam’, ‘Pancham’, ‘Dhaivata’ and ‘Nishad’, also known as “sa, re, ga, ma, pa, dha, ni’. Carnatic music has a lot of devotional rasa – ‘Thumri’, ‘Hori’, ‘Dadra’, ‘Kajri’ and ‘Chaiti’ etc.
Role of All India Radio in the spread of music
In spreading music in India and providing a platform to the artists, All India Radio (AIR) has played an outstanding role. All India Radio started broadcasting programs by inviting artists since its inception. Before the advent of radio, the presentation of music was confined to a place and could only be heard by a few listeners. Radio crossed the boundaries of music and brought it to the masses.
The “National Program of Classical Music” in the year 1952 was one of the most important programs on All India Radio. From time to time, music meetings and interview programs of music artists have been broadcasted on All India Radio.
All India Radio was established in Delhi in 1962. All India Radio, which has been involved in the dissemination of music since its inception. On the occasion of Republic Day in 2016, Ragam, a channel dedicated to classical music was launched. Music lovers can listen to folk music and classical music broadcast on the channel, over the radio. All India Radio has played an important role in the spread of music and continues to do so.
Music’s benefit to health
Music is not only a medium of entertainment but has several benefits on health too. For musicians, it is a spiritual practice, while for the listeners, it is a medium to feel good and relax. Further, music is also beneficial in getting rid of physical and mental ailments.
The wonderful effect of the waves produced by musical instruments was also seen in patients with Parkinson’s and depression. This is called vibroacoustic therapy. In this, a wave is generated from musical sound at a different frequency and is heard and felt directly by the patient.
Adopting music in any way in life reduces stress. It also improves blood circulation in the body. According to music experts, listening to raga sarang is beneficial for patients with heart disease. Playing the flute and listening to raga sohni is effective when suffering from insomnia.
In this way, music exerts its influence on every sphere of life. The music or sound of nature, ie, the chirping of birds, movement of leaves, the flow of air and water, our breath, everything has a beat of the music to it.
On World Music Day, it should be our endeavor that the stream of music emanating from every particle of nature, flows in the heart of man, and the whole world is filled with the goodness of it.