Sunday, December 5, 2021

KP Sharma Oli sworn in as Prime Minister of Nepal

KP Sharma Oli was sworn in as Nepal’s Prime Minister for the third time, days after he lost a vote of confidence in Parliament. He was reappointed as the Prime Minister of Nepal by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari after the opposition parties failed to put together a secure majority of seats in Parliament to form a new government.

He now has 30 days to win a confidence vote in the House, failing which an attempt to form a government under Article 76 (5) of the Constitution will be initiated.

The two opposition parties, the Nepali Congress and the Maoist Centre, have just 61 and 49 seats in the lower house, respectively, and their total strength of 110 members was insufficient to secure a majority in the 275-member house.

Background

On Monday, Nepal Prime Minister K.P Oli lost a vote of confidence in Parliament, leaving the country’s politics in uncertainty. In the vote of confidence, 93 members supported Oli and 124 opposed him, while 28 from his own party — including former Prime Ministers Jhalnath Khanal and Madhav Nepal abstained from voting, and the other 15 remained neutral. The House has an effective strength of 267 and at present 136 votes are needed to form a majority government.

Earlier also, the country plunged into a constitutional crisis when on the advice of Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, President Bhandari dissolved the House of Representatives and declared fresh elections on April 30th and May 10th, 2020.

A large section of the NCP headed by rival Prachanda had protested the decision to dismantle the House of Representatives.

In February, the Supreme Court of Nepal restored the dissolved House in which KP Sharma Oli suffered a big setback when he prepared for snap elections.
KP Sharma Oli had earlier served as the Prime Minister of Nepal in 2015, and again in the year 2018.

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