The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is a road construction executive force in India under the Ministry of Defence that maintains road networks in border areas and friendly neighboring countries.
BRO has completed several infrastructure projects in neighboring countries such as Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Tajikistan, and Sri Lanka.
The organization was formed in 1960 primarily to meet the defence requirement towards infrastructure development of remote Border areas of North & North East states. Roads, bridges, highways, airports, tunnels, buildings, and other facilities are all part of these infrastructure developments. BRO is also in charge of managing other facilities, which includes tasks like snow removal.
Apart from strategic defence requirements, it also caters to the socio-economic development of the nation. The Border Roads Organisation has acquired a leading role in the area of infrastructure development in the world’s most treacherous terrains and climatically harsh localities. The Organization has been successful in securing the territorial stability and socio-economic upliftment of the country’s most remote areas by rendering its dedicated services to the nation.
-To assist the armed forces in meeting their strategic needs through the construction and maintenance of infrastructure in a dedicated, and cost-effective way.
-To attain an international level of quality excellence and time consciousness in a diversified sphere of construction activity.
-To take the lead in the implementation, assimilation, and application of cutting-edge technologies.
-To build an ecosystem that allows for reliable, real-time, and efficient decision-making.
-To improve and enrich the quality of life by promoting overall development.
The Border Roads Organization is upgrading and maintaining the national highways of the country with a total length of 5,552 kilometers in India’s north, north eastern, and central regions. The double laning of different stretches of the National Highways throughout the country are part of this upgrade. Also, 63 major bridges will be dedicated soon to the nation in the vision of Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav.
The construction of a 9-kilometer long Rohtang tunnel and related access roads to its portals, at a cost of over Rs 1,000 crore, has opened a new chapter in the organization’s acknowledgment of its diverse capabilities.
Completion of the 637.60 m long Naodhing Bridge on National Highway-52 in Arunachal Pradesh is the longest bridge constructed by the organization to date.
BRO has built 43,567 kilometers of roads in the country’s most complex and inaccessible areas. This involves new construction, upgrades from single to double lanes, and highways in Bihar, Jharkhand, and Orissa’s coal fields.
In the state of J&K, the Organization’s roads pass through high altitude passes like Zozila ( Alt 11,578 ft ), Changla ( Alt 17,350 ft ), Khardungla ( Alt 18,380 ft ), and Thanglangla ( Alt 17,582 ft ), while in Arunachal Pradesh, the roads pass through Sela Pass ( Alt 13,765 ft ) and Nathula Pass in Sikkim( Alt 14,140 ft ).
BRO had bridged river gaps in hilly regions of North & North East with equipment bridges. These are being replaced with major and minor permanent bridges. BRO has replaced 24,906 meters of temporary bridges with permanent bridges.
BRO has made a major breakthrough in the 12, 000 crore Chardham Project, by constructing a tunnel below the densely populated Chamba town on Hrishikesh Dharasu road.
BRO’s daunting tasks in snow-capped mountains and risky avalanche-prone areas amid pandemic also include clearing the Rohtang Pass, one of the top tourist destinations of the country.