“We are among the few countries who are Paris Agreement compliant i.e. our actions lead to a maximum temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius which is to be achieved by the year 2100. India is the only G20 country that is complying with the Paris Agreement: Prakash Javadekar (Union Minister for Forest, Environment & Climate Change)
India has thus shone the light on the world by pioneering in achieving the Paris Agreement targets at a critical junction as the menace of Climate Change looms large and global temperatures continue to soar.
India shining on the world map for achieving its climate goals:
Where countries around the world have been struggling to keep up with their Paris Agreement targets, India has been exemplary in taking the right steps towards mitigating the effects of Climate Change.
It is among the very few countries in the world to be compatible with its Paris Agreement resolution and has been effectively working on limiting warming to less than 2°C. While temperatures in Russia soar above 4°C and that in China below 4°C, countries like the US too are treading far behind India.
India has made it to the top-10 in the Climate Change Performance Index, drawn up by Greenwatch & New Climate Institute with Climate Action Network. The rankings position India, along with the likes of the UK, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, as a global climate leader.
India: global leader in Renewable energy:
In his recent visit to India, the US Special Presidential Envoy on Climate John Kerry hailed India as a global leader in renewable energy for cutting carbon emissions and praised India for “getting the job done on climate crisis”.
India has also set an ambitious target of installing 60% renewable energy, that is 450 GW till 2030.
Other initiatives to mitigate Climate Change:
– *National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)*: The government of India is implementing the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) with a focus on promoting understanding of climate change and establishing linkage between adaptation and mitigation consistent with the national priority for achieving sustainable development.
– Climate Change Action Programme (CCAP): Climate Change Action Programme (CCAP) is a central scheme, approved by the Cabinet to create & strengthen the scientific and analytical capacity for assessment of climate change in the country, putting in place an appropriate institutional framework for scientific and policy initiatives and implementation of climate change related actions in the context of sustainable development. Some of the components of the CCAP scheme include the National Carbonaceous Aerosols Programme (NCAP), Long Term Ecological Observatories (LTEO), and Coordinated Studies on Climate Change for North East Region (CSCCNER).
– National Electricity Plan (NEP): The successful implementation of the National Electricity Plan (NEP) since 2018 has significantly contributed to India emerging as a global leader in renewable energy, where investments top those into fossil fuel.
Since 2010, the coal tax has been thrice doubled by the Govt. of India reaching 400 rupees per tonne of coal produced and imported in the 2016–2017 budget.
– Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME): The scheme is providing the needed impetus in the form of subsidies and other incentives to boost the demand and purchase of electric vehicles in India.
It also includes provisions to ensure adequate charging infrastructure to increase energy efficiency in the country.
– Rural Electrification Policy: The policy promotes renewable energy technologies where grid connectivity is not possible or cost-effective.
– Energy Conservation Building Code: This regulatory code is designed to ensure energy efficiency in all buildings with above 500 kVA connected load or air-conditioned floor area over 1000 square meters.
Thus, with thoughtful steps being taken in the right direction India is set to not just achieve but excel in climate goals set under the Paris agreement.