Tuesday, December 7, 2021

World News 02 Dec 2020

World News

2220 HRS
02.12.2020

NAMASKAR !  A warm welcome to ‘World News: an Indian perspective’, on All India Radio. This is ADITI LOOMBA, bringing glimpses of major developments of the day from across the globe.

THE HEADLINES:

  • India constitutes High-level Ministerial Committee for implementation of Paris Agreement.
  • US Treasury nominee calls for urgent action to avert self-reinforcing downturn.
  • UK becomes first country to approve Pfizer-BioNTech COVID 19 vaccine.
  • New Zealand declares climate emergency; Pledges carbon neutral public sector by 2025.
  • In Cricket, India beats Australia by 13 runs in the third and final ODI at Canberra.

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INDIA PARIS AGREEMENT

India has constituted a High-level Ministerial Committee for implementation of Paris Agreement. The Apex Committee for Implementation of Paris Agreement (AIPA) will be chaired by Environment Secretary. The purpose of AIPA is to generate a coordinated response on climate change matters that ensures India is on track towards meeting its obligations under the Paris Agreement.

The next year would mark the beginning of implementation of the Paris Agreement and constitution of AIPA is central to strengthening the national systems and institutional arrangements for implementation and monitoring of climate actions. It will also ensure that India maintains its climate leadership as one the few countries in the world whose climate actions are consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

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INDIA OCTANE PETROL

In yet another eco-friendly endeavour, India has launched  its indigenously developed 100 Octane premium petrol. Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas , Dharmendra Pradhan launched the  first indigenously developed 100 Octane premium petrol through video conferencing on Tuesday. Mr. Pradhan described the launch of the environment-friendly fuel as one more step towards facilitating ease of living for the citizens. With this, India joins a select league of nations having such super grade fuel. Octane ratings are measures of fuel stability that increases engine efficiency.

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NEW ZEALAND CLIMATE EMERGENCY

New Zealand has declared a climate emergency in the country. It has promised that its public sector would become carbon neutral by 2025.

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said that the climate emergency declaration was based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s target to avoid more than 1.5 degree Celsius rise in global warming.

New Zealand joins 32 other countries including Japan, Canada, France and Britain that have declared a climate emergency.

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INDIA RUSSIA

India and Russia today held consultations on UN Security Council related issues in Moscow. Both sides held wide ranging discussions on issues on the UN Security Council agenda and recent developments. Both sides agreed to deepen cooperation on counter terrorism at multilateral platforms.

Russia welcomed India taking up the non permanent seat at the UNSC for the period 2021-22.

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CHINA-SCO

China today appreciated India’s initiatives at the  hosting of the 19th SCO Heads of Govt meet on 30th November . Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Hua Chunying  said that China stands ready to work with India and other members to coordinate, communicate and work together to elevate the SCO and open up another decade of development and cooperation of SCO.

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US TREASURY

President-elect Joe Biden’s treasury secretary nominee Janet Yellen said on Tuesday that the United States is experiencing a historic crisis due to the coronavirus pandemic and its economic fallout. Ms. Yellen sought  an urgent action to avert a “self-reinforcing” downturn.

She has pledged to find collective purpose to control the pandemic and build the economy back better than before.

Earlier, outgoing Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin urged the U.S. Senate to support 300 billion dollar in new grants to small businesses to keep them from failing amid the intensifying public health crisis.

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UNHCR ETHIOPIA

The United Nations and Ethiopia have agreed on Wednesday to channel desperately-needed humanitarian aid to Tigray, northern region of Ethiopia. The agreement, announced by U.N. officials, gives aid workers access to government-controlled areas of Tigray, where federal troops have been battling the Tigray People’s Liberation Front.

The war is believed to have killed thousands, sent 45,000 refugees into Sudan, displaced many more within Tigray.

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HONG KONG ARREST

One of Hong Kong’s most prominent democracy activists, Joshua Wong, was sentenced to jail on Wednesday for thirteen-and-a-half months for his role in an unlawful anti-government rally in 2019.

Wong’s sentence comes as the Beijing backed government is intensifying a crackdown on Hong Kong’s opposition.

Meanwhile, Britain, in a statement, has urged the Hong Kong and Beijing authorities to stop their campaigns to stifle opposition.

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COVID-UPDATE

The WHO has confirmed over 63.14 million COVID infections worldwide. Meanwhile on the vaccine front, United Kingdom has  approved Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine. UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) granted emergency use approval to the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine in a record time.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson touted the medicine authority’s approval as a global win and a ray of hope amid the gloom of COVID 19.

Britain said, it would start vaccinating ordinary people early next week.

India has reached a significant milestone in its fight against COVID. The number of new daily cases have been below the 50 thousand mark for 24 consecutive days. The recovered cases in the country stand at over 20 times the number of active cases.

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INTERPOL VACCINE

INTERPOL has today issued a global to the countries warning them to prepare for organized crime networks targeting COVID-19 vaccines, both physically and online.

INTERPOL Secretary Genera, Jürgen Stock has said that as governments are preparing to roll out vaccines, criminal organizations are planning to infiltrate or disrupt supply chains.

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WHO MALARIA

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has said India continues to make impressive gains in reduction of malaria burden. According to World Malaria Report 2020 released by WHO, India is the only high endemic country which has reported a decline of 17.6 percent in 2019 as compared to 2018.

Malaria elimination efforts were initiated in the country in 2015 and were intensified after the launch of National Framework for Malaria Elimination in 2016 by the Health Ministry.

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UN CHIEF -SLAVERY

Today is the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. Commemorating the day, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres  highlighted the impact of the contemporary forms of slavery.

According to UN, more than 40 million people are still victims of contemporary slavery.

UN Chief underscored that such abhorrent practices have no space in the twenty-first century.

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IRAN BILL

The Iranian  has passed a law that obliges  the government to suspend nuclear inspections unless sanctions on Iran are lifted. The law seeks to ignore other restraints on Iran’s  nuclear programme agreed with major powers. It, also called for Iran to enrich uranium “for peaceful uses” to 20% purity in breach of the nuclear accord.

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SPORTS

In Cricket, India defeated Australia by 13 runs in the third and final ODI at Manuka Oval in Canberra this evening. Chasing the target of 303 for a win, Australia could make 289 and were all out in 49.3 overs. Australia have already clinched the three match series by winning the 1st and 2nd ODIs.

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TELESCOPE GALAXY

Australia’s national science agency, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) said that its powerful new telescope  has mapped vast areas of the universe in record-breaking time.

The radio telescope, dubbed the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP), mapped about three million galaxies in just 300 hours.

David McConnell, head of the CSIRO team said that data gathered in this survey would allow astronomers to find out more about star formation and how galaxies and black holes evolve through statistical analyses.

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