NAMASKAR ! A warm welcome to ‘World News: an Indian perspective’, on All India Radio. This is NISHIT KUMAR bringing glimpses of major developments of the day from across the globe.
- India and Japan hold strategic dialogue, call for free, open and inclusive India-Pacific region.
- World Bank President asks China to cancel debt to poor countries.
- Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna win Nobel Prize in chemistry for genome editing.
- UN Chief calls for universal health coverage to strengthen efforts against COVID 19.
- US imposes curbs on H-1B visas to protect its workers.
- Tennis, Petra Kvitova storms into the Semifinals of French Open.
External Affairs Minister of India Dr. S. Jaishankar held a bilateral meeting with his Japanese counterpart, Toshimitsu Motegi in Tokyo on Wednesday. At the 13th India-Japan Foreign Ministers’ Strategic Dialogue, progress in India-Japan Special Strategic and Global Partnership was reviewed. Maritime security, trade and investment, manufacturing, skill development, connectivity and infrastructure, health and wellness, Indo-Pacific Ocean Initiative and UN Reforms figured in the talks.
India and Japan underlined the need for robust digital and cyber security systems and both the Ministers welcomed the finalization of the text of Cyber Security agreement. It promotes cooperation in capacity building, research and development in the areas of Critical Information Infrastructure, 5G, Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence.
Both the Ministers emphasized that a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region must be based on diversified and resilient supply chains.
World Bank President David Malpass has called wealthy nations, including China, to cancel debts to poor countries to help them withstand the impact of coronavirus. It has said that efforts so far were important but inadequate. Addressing an online event hosted by the Frankfurt School of Finance and Management, World Bank president David Malpass blamed China for worsening debt situation in some poor countries . He accused Beijing of not taking part fully in the Group of 20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative. More from Prasar Bharati Special Correspondent in Beijing in this report:
World Bank President called China’s well-capitalised creditors, an added factor in current wave of debt troubles in world’s poorest countries. He lamented that Chinese lenders have expanded their portfolios dramatically and are not fully participating in the debt rescheduling processes. Japan, few days ago, urged Group of Seven (G7) advanced economies to put more pressure on Beijing to abide by G-20 led Debt Service Suspension Initiative for poor countries. World bank has also called other wealthy nations to participate in this scheme. Anshuman Mishra for AIR News, Beijing..
A new 14-country Pew Research Center survey shows negative views of China have grown more negative in recent years across many advanced economies. Today, a majority in each of the surveyed countries has an unfavorable opinion of China. In Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, United States, South Korea, Spain and Canada, negative views have reached their highest points since the PEW Center began polling on this topic more than a decade ago.
Negative views of China increased most in Australia, to 81% from 57 percent. In the UK, around three-quarters now see China in a negative light – up 19 points. And, in the U.S., negative views of China have increased nearly 20 percentage points
Disapproval of how China has handled the COVID-19 pandemic has also colored people’s confidence in Chinese President Xi Jinping.
Across the 14 countries surveyed, 78% say they have no confidence in Chinese President Xi to do the right thing when it comes to international affairs. At least seven-in-ten in every country saying they lack confidence in Xi.
French scientist Emmanuelle Charpentier and American Jennifer A. Doudna have won the 2020 Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing a method of genome editing likened to “molecular scissors”. This tool offers the promise of curing genetic diseases.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said that the scientists have discovered one of gene technology’s sharpest tools: the CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors. This techonology has not only revolutionised basic science, but also resulted in innovative crops and will lead to ground-breaking new medical treatments.
TRUMP BIDEN-PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE-
Day after returning to the White House after being hospitalised for Covid-19, US President Donald Trump said that he is looking forward to participating in the October 15 Presidential Debate with Democratic nominee Joe Biden.
Meanwhile, Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden has said that next week’s scheduled debate with Republican President Donald Trump should not take place if Trump is still infected with COVID-19.
In another development, New York Times has endorsed Joe Biden’s candidature for US Presidency.
Now, lets take a look at the Coronavirus s. According to WHO data, the number of infected cases has crossed 35.53 million worldwide.
WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus called for solidarity and political commitment by all leaders to ensure equal distribution of vaccines when they become available.
Nine experimental vaccines are in the pipeline of the WHO’s COVAX global vaccine facility that aims to distribute 2 billion doses by the end of 2021.
Meanwhile, India continues to lead the global tally, with over 5.7 million recoveries so far. It has achieved a recovery rate of over 85 per cent.
UN CHIEF COVID-
UN Secretay General António Guterres said that a huge gap in health coverage is one of the reasons why COVID19 has caused so much pain and suffering. He underlined that, Public health programmes must be inclusive & equitable, without financial barriers.
The secretary General also highlighted the urgent need of universal health coverage, including mental health coverage to strengthen efforts against COVID 19.
EU EMISSION CUTS-
The European Parliament has voted in favour of a legally binding target for the European Union to cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 60% by 2030, against 1990 levels. The EU’s current 2030 goal is a 40% emissions cut.
The legislative assembly approved the 60% target with a 26-vote majority.
UN CHIEF KYRGZ PROTESTS-
The Central Asian nation of Kyrgyzstan slid deeper into chaos on Wednesday, as rival opposition factions made grabs for power.
Earlier, the Kyrgyz Central Election Commission declared the results of the parliamentary elections held on October 4 void, amid violent protests.
United Nations has said that UN Secretary General is closely monitoring the situation and it urged all Kyrgyz actors to exercise the utmost restraint and refrain from violence.
The US administration has announced new restrictions on H-1B non immigrant visa programme. The new restrictions are aimed at protecting American workers that H-1B petitions are approved only for qualified beneficiaries and petitioners.
The interim final rule was announced by the Department of Homeland Security on Tuesday, ahead of the US presidential election on November 3.
The technology companies depend on H-1B visa to hire tens of thousands of employees each year from countries like India and China.
The European Union has called for cessation of hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone.Armenia claimed on Wednesday that the territory’s capital Stepanakert, came under attack again. However, Azerbaijan has rejected claims of targeting civilian infrastructure in Stepanakert.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said that the actions of Turkey and Azerbaijan amounted to a terroristic attack over Nagorno-Karabakh that formed part of the continuation of Armenian genocide.
Sindhi activists joined anti-Pakistan protests with the Baloch in Toronto. It follows similar series of demonstrations that have been demanding Islamabad to stop abduction and killing of Baloch youths.
They shouted anti-Pakistan slogans and urged Prime Minister Imran Khan government to terminate its military operations in the region. that have eliminated dozens of Baloch youths, activists and leaders in just past few weeks.
Moving on to sports. In the French Open Tennis, two-time Wimbledon champion Petra Kvitova beat 66th-ranked Laura Siegemund in the women’s quarter final. In another match, unseeded Iga Swiatek defeated Martina Trevisan to reserve a birth in the semifinals. In the third match, Australian Open champion, Sofia Kenin thrashed unseeded Danielle Collins to enter the semifinals.