Last Updated : May 25 2019 3:05PM     Screen Reader Access
News Highlights
Newly-elected BJP MPs meet today to formally elect PM Modi as their leader            Congress Working Committee meet begins to discuss defeat in LS polls            Jagan Mohan Reddy elected YSRC Legislature Party leader            Surat fire tragedy: Police arrest coaching owner            India meet New Zealand in warm-up game of ICC World Cup           

Apr 03, 2019
2:23PM

Dark matter not made up of tiny black holes: Study

Representational pic
Scientists have put the Stephen Hawking theory to its most rigorous test to date, saying dark matter is not made up of primordial black holes smaller than a tenth of a millimetre. 

About 85 per cent of the matter in the universe is believed to be made up of dark matter. Its gravitational force prevents stars in our Milky Way from flying apart.

However, attempts to detect such dark matter particles using underground experiments, or accelerator experiments including the world's largest accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider, have failed so far, according to the study published in the journal Nature Astronomy.

This has led scientists to consider Hawking's 1974 theory of the existence of primordial black holes, born shortly after the Big Bang, and his speculation that they could make up a large fraction of the elusive dark matter scientists are trying to discover.

Researchers led by Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe in Japan used the gravitational lensing effect to look for primordial black holes between Earth and the Andromeda galaxy.

Gravitational lensing, an effect first suggested by Albert Einstein, manifests itself as the bending of light rays coming from a distant object such as a star due to the gravitational effect of an intervening massive object such as a primordial black hole.

In extreme cases, such light bending causes the background star to appear much brighter than it originally is.

However, gravitational lensing effects are very rare events because it requires a star in the Andromeda galaxy, a primordial black hole acting as the gravitational lens, and an observer on Earth to be exactly in line with one another.

In order to maximise the chances of capturing an event, the researchers used the Hyper Suprime-Cam digital camera on the Subaru telescope in Hawaii, which can capture the whole image of the Andromeda galaxy in one shot.

Taking into account how fast primordial black holes are expected to move in interstellar space, the team took multiple images to be able to catch the flicker of a star as it brightens for a period of a few minutes to hours due to gravitational lensing. 

The team's results showed primordial black holes can contribute no more than 0.1 per cent of all dark matter mass. Therefore, it is unlikely the theory is true.

   Related News

PM’s Exclusive Interview to DD News

Live Twitter Feed

Listen News

Morning News 25 (May) Midday News 25 (May) News at Nine 22 (May) Hourly 25 (May) (1300hrs)
समाचार प्रभात 25 (May) दोपहर समाचार 24 (May) समाचार संध्या 22 (May) प्रति घंटा समाचार 25 (May) (1305hrs)
Khabarnama (Mor) 25 (May) Khabrein(Day) 25 (May) Khabrein(Eve) 24 (May)
Aaj Savere 25 (May) Parikrama 22 (May) Lok Ruchi Samachar 19 (May)

Listen Programs

Market Mantra 22 (May) Samayki 24 (May) Sports Scan 22 (May) Spotlight/News Analysis 22 (May)
    Public Speak

    Country wide 28 (Mar) Surkhiyon Mein 4 (Apr) Charcha Ka Vishai Ha 15 (May) Vaad-Samvaad 7 (May) Money Talk 7 (May) Current Affairs 22 (Mar)