The country has registered remarkable growth in the number of institutions of national importance, total enrolment in higher education and gross enrolment ratio during the last five years. Also, the country has improved its gender parity index which indicates an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females as compared to males.
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank today approved the release of the report of All India Survey on Higher Education 2019-20. The report provides key insight on the current status of Higher education in the country.
Giving the details of the salient features of the report, Mr. Pokhriyal has said, the country has registered growth of 11.4 per cent in the student enrolment in the last five years. He said, the rise in female enrolment in higher education during the five year period is over 18 per cent. He emphasized that the Government under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi is continuously focusing on the education and empowerment of girls, women and socially backward classes.
Minister of State for Education Sanjay Dhotre has expressed hope that this report will help policy makers to improve the higher education scenario of the country.
Secretary of Higher Education Amit Khare has said this report is the 10th in the series of All India Survey on Higher Education annually released by the Department of Higher Education. He said, the continuous rise in the enrolment, number of institutions, gender parity is a part of the country’s major move towards improving access, equity and quality in light of National Education Policy 2020.
The report states that the number of Institutions of National importance has increased 80 per cent in the last five years. There were 75 such institutions in 2015 which reached 135 in 2020. The number of universities has also increased by 30.5 per cent from 799 to 1043 in the last five years. The number of colleges has increased by about 8.4 per cent from over 39 thousand to 42 thousand 343 during the last five years.
The report highlights that total enrolment in higher education stands at 3.85 crore in 2019-20 as compared to 3.42 crore in 2014-15. Gross Enrolment Ratio which is the percentage of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in Higher Education, in 2019-20 is over 27 per cent against 24.3 per in 2014-2015. Gender Parity Index in higher education is 1.01 and Pupil-Teacher Ratio in Higher Education is 26 in 2019-20. The report highlights that 3.38 crore students enrolled in programmes at under-graduate and post-graduate level.