India is synonymous with diversity, the nation has different states which are unique in their own way. On 1 May, Gujarat celebrates its state foundation day. As on this day only in 1960, the former state of Bombay was bifurcated on a linguistic basis which gave existence to two states- Gujarat and Maharashtra.
The state is long known for its rich heritage and culture, the well-preserved tradition has also been a key element in attracting explorers and tourists from around the world. From ‘Fafda Jalebi’ to the sparkling ‘Garba’ in Navratri, Gujarat holds a number of famous dishes and cultures that are thriving all around the world.
The state is situated on the west coast of India with the longest coastline of 1,600 km among all the states in the country. Gujarat shares its border with Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and the union territory of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli. The state has a geographical area of 1,96,063 sq Km and has a population of 6,03,83,628 according to the 2011 census.
Read More: Maharashtra Day: History and Significance
In 1948, a conference took place to unite and integrate the entire Gujarati-speaking population under the umbrella of one administrative body. The movement was coined as Mahagujarat Movement. And later in 1960, Gujarat was formed as the Bombay state split into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat on a linguistic basis. The term ‘Mahagujarat’ encloses the whole Gujarati speaking area consisting of Gujarat, Kutch, and Saurashtra.
Gujarat among the leading industrialized states
Gujarat is one of the leading industrialized states in India. At current prices, Gujarat’s Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) is about Rs. 18.85 trillion (US$ 269.70 billion) during 2020-21. The state’s GSDP grew at a CAGR of 12.87%, during 2015-16 to 2020-21.
PM Modi took on Twitter to wish Gujarat and Maharashtra
Prime Minister Narendra Modi wished Gujarat and Maharashtra on their statehood day. He said in a tweet that “Today, Gujarat and Maharashtra mark their Statehood Days. Both states are home to outstanding people, who have made landmark contributions to national growth. May these states fight COVID-19 successfully and may the people of these states be blessed with good health.”