Hari Singh Nalwa, Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s right hand, was the longest-serving great Commander-in-Chief of the Sikh Khalsa Fauj. He joined the Sikh army at the tender age of 13 and, at the age of 18, led the first victory. In his career, he fought 22 fights and never lost a single one.
Hari Singh Nalwa was born into the Uppal family in Gujranwala, Punjab’s Majha district. Between 1804 and 1837, Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa fought many battles against the Afghans, quickly earning himself the reputation of the only man who struck terror in their hearts.
One of the fiercest warriors in Sikh History
Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa is considered to be one of the few men to have ever totally dominated the Khyber Pass, starting with the battle of Kasur in 1807 and ending with the capture of Jamrud in 1836. Despite the fact that the odds were stacked against him in each fight, it was his wit and superior knowledge of fighting tactics that won him his victories.
The Valiant Tale Of Sikh Warrior
Hari Singh Nalwa is almost entirely credited for the Sikh empire’s expansion beyond the Indus Valley and up to the Khyber Pass. No one has ever accomplished such a feat before. Hari Singh’s adventures sent shivers down the spine of the Afghani empire in 1837. The next move saw the Sikhs take Jalalabad and subsequently Kabul.
Battle of Jamrud
The Battle of Jamrud was fought between the Sikhs under Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the Afghans who were led by Emir Dost Muhammad Khan.
Hari Singh Nalwa had not only defended the region but had also prevented the Afghans from destroying the entire northwest frontier. Hari Singh was critically wounded and later died of injuries. The Afghans were unable to take control of the fort, as well as Peshawar and Jamrud.
The mouth of Khyber Pass remained under the control of the Sikh dynasty till the British defeated them in Punjab.
The Afghans’ invincibility in their own backyard is undeniable. Be it the Soviets in the 1980s or the Americans after 9/11, the idea of Afghan invincibility on their own soil has never been disproved. No one has been able to conquer the region except for Hari Singh Nalwa who brought them to their knees.
India-Afghan shares millennial old culture
Afghanistan had always been a part of India; it was called Gandhar (modern Kandahar), a vibrant province known for its excellent art, architecture, and literature.
The friendship between India and Afghanistan is as old as history, with both countries having close historical and cultural links. India has played an important part in Afghanistan’s rebuilding and recovery.
US President Joe Biden has already announced that he will withdraw all American troops from Afghanistan beginning on May 1. India is an important player in the peace process as India’s External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar has reiterated several times that the peace process must be Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan controlled.
India has invested heavily in infrastructure developments, training security forces, and supplying them with the necessary equipment as it has a major stake in the stability of Afghanistan since it has invested considerable resources in the region’s development.
Both nations hope to have a role in setting the terms especially concerning terrorism, violence, women’s rights, and democratic values.