The summer sowing in the country is 21.5% higher than it was last year as of 23 April 2021.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare with its new initiatives, meticulous planning of the States and the Central government, along with the hard work of the farmers, has established an increasing trend for the scientific cultivation of summer crops such as pulses, coarse cereals, Nutri-cereals and oilseeds.
The total summer crop area has increased to 73.76 lakh hectares from 60.67 lakh hectares a year ago during the corresponding period.
The Zaid National conference was held in January 2021 to create a road map wherein discussion with States was held on the challenges, prospects and strategies to develop scientific cultivation enlisted crops.
Simultaneously to ensure maximised production and timely arrangement of inputs like seeds and fertilizers mobilization along with deployment of extension staff was taken into consideration. The technical support was established through close coordination between State Agriculture Universities (SAUs) and Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), which are essential at the district and grassroots level.
Crops With Maximum Increase in Cultivation
A remarkable 100% increase is seen in the area of pulses wherein the area sown under pulses has increased to 12.75 lakh hectares from 6.45 lakh hectares.
The increased area is largely reported from the states of Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Karnataka etc.
Oilseeds have shown an increase of 16% which is about 10.45 lakh ha from 9.03 lakh ha majorly in the areas of West Bengal, Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh etc.
Rice cultivation too has increased to 39.10 lakh ha from 33.82 lakh ha indicating an increase of around 16%, reported from the states of West Bengal, Telangana, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, etc.
It has been an old practice to grow summer/Zaid crops based on the availability of soil moisture and other climatic conditions particularly for meeting the additional domestic requirement of food grains and feeding livestock.
Farmers generally cultivate summer paddy crops in some states for their domestic use, mostly based on water availability. Now by using scientific cultivation practices, farmers have initiated sowing summer crops through seed drill or zero-till after treating the seeds.
Therefore, the farmers now cultivate high yielding varieties, using post-harvest value addition technologies for higher productivity and economic gains.
A press release by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’sWelfare states that the Summer sowing is likely to be completed by the first week of May this year, and the area has increased significantly.
There are multiple benefits to Summer crops from providing extra income, creating employment opportunities to other factors like improvement in soil health, particularly through the pulses crop.
“Encouraging water levels in almost all reservoirs helped in protecting both the Rabi crop as well as summer crops”, the Ministry of Agriculture states.